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Introduction



Mount Vesuvius is located in Pompeii Italy and overlooks the Bay and City of Napels. It is believe to be about 25,000 years old and is the only volcano on the mainland of Europe to erupt within the last one hundred years. Even though around two million people live in the area today, almost two thousand years ago it completely whipped out the town. Mount Vesuvius has had many eruptions, but the most memorable was the eruption in 79 AD that completely drowned Pompeii and Herculaneum, which made everyone realize how dangerous this volcano really was. The cities were entirely destroyed by the lava and were buried in the smoke and ashes. Many people were killed because of the disaster caused by this vicious volcano. It is known as one of the most dangerous volcanoes on the earth.


Impact


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One of the most famous eruptions was during the year 79 AD near Pompeii, which made the greatest impact. This eruption killed over 16,000 people and buried the city with ash, mud, and dust. Not only did it bury Pompeii, but also some surrounding towns including Herculaneum and Stabiae. With all the ashes covering the city, it preserved everything and was left untouched. Even though the eruption in 79 AD was the worst, there have been many other eruptions since. Mount Vesuvius erupted every one hundred years up to the year 1037 AD. It went six hundred years without having any activity, until the year 1631. Starting that year it had consistent lava flows. Beginning in the 1700’s until early 1900’s, Mount Vesuvius had many more violent eruptions that destroyed land and killed several people. Another famous eruption was in 1944 during World War II. This caused many problems for the soldiers in Italy, and it destroyed many plains and military equipment. The eruptions have strongly impacted the area. Because there has been many lava flows and violent activity, it makes it difficult for people to live in the area. Mount Vesuvius has destroyed numerous belongings and lives. It has also destroyed a lot of land.


Types of Volcanoes




There are many other volcanoes like Mount Vesuvius. Vesuvius is known to be a Strato-volcano, or composite volcano, which is constructed under a subduction zone. Some volcanoes that are similar include Mount Hood, Mount Rainier, Mount Shasta, Mount Fugi, and Mount Mayon. This type of volcano usually has snow-capped peaks that can get up to 2,500 meters tall, 1,000 square kilometers, and 400 kilometers cubed. Most composite volcanoes are large and conical in shape, but there are still many other shapes they can hold.
There are many types of other volcanoes that are different then Mount Vesuvius. One of the other types is Shield Volcano, which are normally broad in shape and a small slope. They are produced around hotspots or on mid-ocean ridges. Most shield volcanoes are found in Hawaii, like Mauna Loa and Kilauea. Second is a cinder cone volcano, which is the most common type of volcano. They are built by cinders, or lava fragments. They are very small and don’t have large explosions. Cinder cone volcanoes normally never get bigger than ,
250 meters in height and 500 meters in diameter. The last type of volcano is called a complex volcano, or compound volcano. In reality all volcanoes couple be considered a complex volcano, but it is classifies as a complex if they consist a complex of two or more vents.